Prostate cancer is one of the common types of cancerous cells and it affects men between the age of 50 years and above. As an adult you need to know about prostate cancer even if you are a woman or not in high-risk. Proper education about prostate cancer will help you and people around you and also reduce the risk by preventing yourself and avoiding all the activities that may increase your chances of developing prostate cancer.
In this article I will explain the major causes, symptoms, risk factor, and treatment of prostate cancer because it is a treatable cancerous cell.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
There are numerous symptoms of prostate cancer, these are the major symptoms of prostate cancer.
Males who do experience symptoms may notice:
- Difficulty starting or control urination
- Frequent urge to urinate at night
- Painful urination, blood in the urine or semen.
- Painful ejaculation
- Painful or difficulty in getting or maintaining an erection.
Prostate cancer symptoms may become severe if it is not taken care of immediately. As soon as prostate cancer becomes severe you may experience any of the advanced symptoms of prostate cancer.
These are the major symptoms of advanced prostate cancer.
- Back pain
- Bone fracture or pain in the hips, thighs, or shoulders edema
- Swelling in the legs or feet
- Weight loss
- Changes in bowel habits
Prostate Cancer Causes
There are several causes of prostate cancer, old age is one of the major causes because the cancerous cell affects men between the age of 50 to 60 years and above.
Smoking is one of the major causes of prostate cancer according to records of prostate cancer cases. Stop smoking so that you won’t be at high risk of developing prostate cancer.
2. Family History
Prostate cancer can be inherited, if any of your family members currently living with prostate cancer or other type of cancerous cell then you are at high risk of developing prostate cancer
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
It is very important to know all the risk factors of prostate cancer so that you will try as much as you can to prevent yourself and reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer anytime soon.
Age is one of the major risk factors of prostate cancer. As you grow older your risk of developing prostate cancer increases, men between the age of 50 years to 55 years are at higher risk of hydra developing the cancerous cell.
2. Race or Ethnicity
Prostate cancer is common among black and white, men, while Asian and Hispanic males have a lower risk of developing prostate cancer according to research and records of cases of prostate cancer among these ethnicities.
3. Family History
You are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer anytime soon if any of your family members are currently living with any kind of cancer.
Smoking is one of the major causes of prostate cancer. Stop smoking so that you will be able to lower the risk of developing prostate cancer.
Obesity is also one of the major risk factors of prostate cancer. Try as much as you can to lose weight if you are overweight, so that you will be able to lower the risk of prostate cancer.
You are also at high risk of developing prostate cancer if you are currently living with any of these diseases.
- Sexually transmitted infections
Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
Men above 50 years of age that have any of the symptoms of prostate cancer should go for a quick medical checkup and carry out all the necessary tests that are needed to diagnose prostate cancer so that treatment can start immediately to avoid severe symptoms of prostate cancer.
- Check symptoms
- Check personal and medical history
- Carry out blood test to assess PSA levels
- Carry out urine test for biomarkers and physical examination by health practitioners which may include a digital rectal exam (DRE)
Prostate Cancer Treatment
There are several methods of treating prostate cancer; one of the major treatment methods is surgery.
To treat prostate cancer, surgeons need to carry out a prostatectomy. This surgery will help to remove the prostate gland using either laparoscopic or open surgery.
You can also treat prostate cancer with radiation therapy. Doctors will implant radioactive seeds into the prostate to deliver targeted radiation treatment.
Conformal Radiation Therapy
This method of treating prostate cancer involved targeting a specific area,
minimizing the risk to healthy tissue.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound are also some of the new methods of treating prostate cancer.
Portrait cancer is one of the most popular cancerous cells that affect men majorly, it is treatable and it is preventable.
Smoking, overweight, and family history are the major risk factors of prostate cancer. It is very important to know all the risk factors and other important and necessary information about prostate cancer so that you will try as much as you can to prevent yourself from the deadly cancerous cell.