Cervical cancer is one of the most dangerous cancer cells that affect women the most. No doubt, it also affects men. In this informative article, I will explain all the necessary information that you need to know about cervical cancer. You will also learn how you can prevent yourself from having cervical cancer.
What is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is a cancerous cell that affects or begins from the surface of the cervix. It is one of the most dangerous and popular cancer cells.
Currently, there are two major types of cervical cancer, which are squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas. Over 90% of cervical cancer are squamous cell carcinomas, while 10% are adenocarcinomas. Cervical cancer is treatable, just like all cancer cells.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
At the early stages of cervical cancer, it won’t show any signs, symptoms, or pain, but as the cell cancer cell grows and spreads, there will be different signs and symptoms. It may lead to severe pain if you don’t get quick medical care.
There are various symptoms of cervical cancer, but these are the major and common symptoms and signs of cervical cancer at the moment.
- Bleeding during periods
- Bleeding during and after sexual intercourse
- bleeding in post-menopausal women
- Discomfort and painful sexual intercourse
- Strong and bad odor from the vaginal
- Tinged blood discharge from the vaginal or pelvic pain
- Bleeding during exercise.
If you don’t get quick medical care then, cervical cancer will spread to other parts of the body and surrounding tissues, which come with more and more severe signs and symptoms.
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Blood in urine
- Difficulty and painful urination
- Diarrhea, or pain or bleeding from the rectum upon defecation.
- Swelling in the legs
Cervical Cancer Risk Factors
- Human papillomavirus ( HPV ) infection
- Having many sexual partners
- Fast food
- Birth control pills overdose
- Engaging in early sexual contact
- Family history of cervical cancer
- Low intake of fruits and vegetables.
Try as much as you can to avoid all the risk factors of cervical cancer. So that you’ll be able to lower the risk of the cancer cell.
Stages of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer currently has four stages, which are stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, and stage 4.
At this stage, the cancer cell is very small, and it has not spread to the lymph nodes and other parts of your body.
At this level, the cancer is larger than stage 1, and it will begin to spread outside the uterus and cervix to the lymph nodes. At this stage, it has not reached other parts of the body.
At Stage 3, the cancer is larger, and it has spread to the lower part of the pelvis or vagina. At this level, it will be blocking the ureters, tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
At this level, the Cancer cell is larger than what it is in stage 3, and it is spread outside the vagina or the pelvis to other organs like your lungs, bones, or liver.
Cervical Cancer Treatment
When it comes to cervical cancer treatment, there are several steps and methods that are involved depending on the stage of the cancer cells in your body.
There are numerous diagnoses, scans, recommendations, and tests that need to be taken before the treatment begins. These will help to get more information about cervical cancer.
Surgery is one of the most common and popular methods of treating cervical cancer.
The main purpose of the surgery is to remove cervical cancer as soon as possible so that it won’t spread to other parts of the body.
The surgery will help to remove the area of the cervix that contains cancer cells. It is important to carry out the surgery as soon as possible so that it won’t spread to other parts of your body because if cancer spreads to other parts of the body, then those parts need to be removed so that it won’t affect more organs of the body.
Radiation is also one of the most effective methods of treating cervical cancer; this method involves the killing of cancer cells using high-energy X-ray beams.
Radiation therapy involves a machine that will deliver outside the body. Likewise, it can also work effectively in the body using a metal tube placed in the uterus or vagina.
Targeted therapy is also one of the most effective methods of treating cervical cancer. Targeted therapy involves Bevacizumab (Avastin) is a drug that is manufactured from chemotherapy and radiation. Targeted Therapy help to block the growth of new blood vessels that grow cancer. This drug is given together with chemotherapy.
Prevention of Cervical Cancer
- Stop consuming fast food and processed food
- Boost your immune system if they are weak
- Eat more fruits and vegetables
- Stop smoking
- Lose weight if you are an overweight
- Reduce your sex partner